All posts tagged electricity

A Quick and Simple Guide to Electricity

Electricity in its simplest definition is electrons flowing from one area to another, but more precisely flowing along a circuit. When an electron is freed from an atom and required to move, it carries with it a charge that is then able to produce electricity. Valence electrons are the outermost electrons of an atom and need the lowest amount of force in order to be freed. The free electrons then search for new atoms to attach to, and must evict one of the existing electrons in order to make enough room for it. The process then starts all over again, and an electric current is created. Certain elements are excellent conductors of electricity due to the fact that they have electrons that are extremely mobile. This applies to elements such as gold, silver, and copper. Elements that are made up of atoms that do not allow current to flow easily are known as insulators.

Electricity can take two different forms, either static or current. Static, meaning at rest, electricity occurs when an object amasses opposite charges that are divided by an insulator. This type of electricity only exists until the clusters of conflicting charges are able to find a pathway to connect and thus balance out the system. When the charges equalize, a static discharge happens. An intense example of static discharge is lightening. Current electricity is what is utilized to power all devices and electronics. This form of electricity relies on charges that flow continuously. This is possible with the use of a closed loop of conductive material otherwise known as a circuit.  A circuit typically involves a combination of wire and other mechanisms to control the flow of electricity. The only restriction is that any insulating gaps cannot be included.

Electric fields in the space between charges act as the pushing or pulling force. This concept is similar to Earth’s gravitational field. The route of electric fields is always described as the direction a positive test charge would travel. If the positive test charge was dropped near a negative charge, there would be an attraction to it from the test charge. The electric field would then be drawn with arrows pointing inward to the negative charge. On the opposite side, if the positive test charge was placed nearby another positive charge the result would be outward repulsion. The electric field would be drawn with arrows going away from the positive charge. Electric fields preform a critical task in that it induces the current flow.

For your electrical needs, rely on Rose Brothers & Sons Electric. We have over four decades worth of experience providing electrical services for residential, commercial, and industrial jobs. We are able to handle any type of electrical situation, varying from major construction projects to small home repairs. Our primary focus is making sure our customers are satisfied, which is why we have such positive feedback on Angie’s List and with the Better Business Bureau. We are located in Walton, KY and proudly serve Northern KY and Cincinnati. Call us today!

 

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AC and DC Power: What You Need to Know

DC power, which stands for direct current, involves the flowing of an electrical current in a singular direction. This was developed by Thomas Edison and became the standard for America’s earliest foray into electricity. Unfortunately, the inability of DC power to be simply converted into higher or lower voltages sparked the need for alternative solutions. Nikola Tesla as a result created AC power, which means alternating current. AC can be changed to different voltages more effortlessly with the use of a transformer. This is because the current alternates and reverses direction sixty times each second.

A battle of currents erupted from the creators of these rivaling electrical sources. The conflict was due to the fact that both inventors wanted to be credited for assisting in the future electrical infrastructure in America and receive any royalties that may involve. The war reached a turning point when a renowned industrialist from Pittsburgh, George Westinghouse, purchased Tesla’s patents for AC transmissions and motors. Westinghouse went on to perfect the distribution system for AC power, which lead to the prominence it has in American homes. However, AC and DC currents both have uses in the modern world. In recent years, DC power has incurred a rebirth and gained more prominence.

Offices and households almost always rely on alternating current sources because of how easy it is to generate and transport AC through long distances. Less energy is lost in electrical power transmission when AC is operating at high voltages. The higher voltage produces a lower current. The lower current has the effect of creating less heat in the power line due to resistance.  AC has the capability of fueling electric motors, as well. Generators and motors are almost identical devices; however, motors convert the energy from electrical to mechanical. This is useful for refrigerators, dishwashers, and other large appliances, which is why they run on AC.

The number of applications that DC is used for has risen in the 21st century. Every product that receives power from a battery, or uses an AC adapter to plug in the wall, is dependent on DC. This is also true for devices that need a USB cable for power. DC electronics include cell phones and flashlights. Flat-screen televisions have AC going into the TV but it is ultimately converted to DC. Electric and hybrid vehicles also run on DC. Laptops, as well as some vehicles, run on a combination of AC and DC currents

At Rose Brothers & Sons Electric, we are committed to the needs of our customers, which is why we are available 24 hours a day in case of emergency situations. We offer an expansive variety of services from small residential repairs all the way to large electrical construction projects. The foundation of our business is the dedication we have to remaining honest and ethical. We prioritize solving the true source of the problem, rather than performing a temporary fix. We are located in Walton, KY and provide service to Northern KY and Cincinnati. Contact us today!

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The Care and Keeping of Your Generator

By properly maintaining your generator, it has the potential to last for decades. Taking care of the generator will enable it to function correctly without the need for costly repairs.

For every use, ensure that the generator has enough gas. If the tank is not adequately filled and becomes empty when running, it can cause problems to arise. Damage can occur as a result of the magnetic field from the generator coils being exhausted. Your home’s electrical load will continue to draw out the magnetic field from the generator after it has stopped producing power. It is important to make sure that the tank is filled if you want to avoid having to revive the coils.

An enclosure or cover for the generator is a smart investment. Electricity is vulnerable to water and even the lightest rainfall may cause harm to one of the parts. The type of shelter you need is dependent on whether the generator is a portable or standby model. You could even build a structure to house the portable generator similar to that of a doghouse. To ensure a long life, do not leave your generator susceptible to precipitation.

To avoid premature burn-out, you should use heavy-duty cords that use less voltage. Relying on lighter cords will increase the voltage and increase the chances of burn-out. Also due to the noise generators create, it is in your best interest to get a longer cord that will allow you to sleep peacefully.

Manufacturers recommend that generators should be powered up every three months and left running for 30 minutes. The purpose of this is to keep the charge of the battery for the electric starter. This is an essential tip to make sure the machine is ready to go at any moment. The last thing you would want is to discover the generator will not start when you absolutely need it.

Keep a close eye on the inside components of the generator. Over time with usage, the essential mechanisms will experience wear and run low. This includes elements like air filters, spark plugs, and oil. It is a good idea to have a supply of filters and oil on hand so you are prepared to replace them when necessary. Monitoring the condition of the parts can prevent the machine from enduring damage. This is a crucial step for generator maintenance.

One of the best things you can do is to keep the manual for the generator nearby. Reading the manual will impart you with the knowledge on everything you need to know about your selected model. If your machine has any unique features specific to it, you should familiarize yourself with it before starting the generator up. The manual will provide the best information in the event of any problems. This is a good reference to have if proper generator maintenance is not upheld.

At Rose Brothers & Sons Electric, we provide electrical assistance ranging from minor repairs to major electrical construction projects. We strive to isolate and solve any electrical issues rather than just masking a symptom of the problem. We focus on long-term solutions not short-term fixes. We are located in Walton, KY and provide service to Northern KY and Cincinnati.

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What Is a Circuit Breaker?

The circuit breaker is a critical device to ensure safety in your home in the modern age. The electrical service panel consists of a series of lever-operated circuit breakers. After the predetermined amperage load is met, each circuit breaker is programmed to turn itself off. The individual amperage amount varies, which is the reason that there are different size breakers in the panel. When the limit is attained, the breaker trips to open the circuit in order to stop the flow of current to that specific circuit or electrical line. The ability to halt the current from reaching the overloaded or short circuit, allows for the issue to be repaired safely.

There are several reasons that can make circuit breakers trip. The following are the three most common. If you have an overloaded circuit, the breaker will shut off. This happens when multiple devices are plugged into the same circuit, and once they are all running, the capacity of the electrical wiring is exceeded. A short circuit occurs when an appliance has a wiring problem that results in additional current to be pulled. A ground fault generally occurs in high moisture environments such as the bathroom and kitchen. The GFCI, ground fault circuit interrupter, is an instrument that is able to detect when a current is flowing on an unintentional path and then shuts the electrical circuit off. This inadvertent pathway can be running through a puddle of water or an individual. The GFCI device reduces the chances of electric shock, which could cause serious burns or heart problems. Fires that are brought about by a metal conduit making contact with a live wire are prevented, as well. GFCIs exist to keep anyone from enduring harm rather than protect the wiring of the structure.

When a circuit breaker trips, the result is an outlet or area of your home not having any power. It is very simple to reset circuit breakers once you have located your breaker box. After opening the door to the breaker box, you will see toggles that look like light switches turned sideways. Most should be aiming toward the center of the panel which indicates that it is currently on. Toggles that are switched away from the panel center are off. Any toggles that are positioned in the middle are the ones that have been tripped. To reset, you must turn the breaker off before turning it back on. If it trips again, it is best to just turn it off without attempting to reset it. This can indicate a larger problem that should be left to a professional electrician.

At Rose Brothers & Sons Electric, we have extensive electrical experience performing a range of services from residential to commercial and industrial projects. We understand that emergencies happen and sympathize with our customers, which is why we are available 24 hours a day. We offer long-term electrical solutions rather than quick, band aid fixes. We are located in Walton, KY and provide service to Northern KY and Cincinnati. Call us today.

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Electrical Items You May Not Know Can Expire

expire

Have you ever reached for a container in the back of your refrigerator and been greeted with fuzzy, disturbingly grotesque mold? While this is a common occurrence for food products, many people are unaware that other household items, particularly those that run on electricity, can expire just as easily. At Rose Brothers & Sons Electric, serving all of Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, we want to show you a few household items you may not know can expire, to help ensure the safety of you and your family.

Smoke Detectors

Both smoke and carbon monoxide detectors expire. With a usual working time of ten years, smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors should be replaced after this time. While many people believe that simply changing the batteries on their smoke and carbon monoxide detectors will keep them working, this is not the case. Smoke detectors are required to have printed expiration dates and it is important that you abide by these. The actual sensors start to malfunction after ten years and it is necessary that you buy new detectors to ensure your safety. Also, as a rule of thumb after purchasing a new home, have all the smoke and carbon monoxide detectors replaced.

Batteries

Batteries start to dissipate immediately after they are manufactured. It is important that you go by the expiration date on the battery box to ensure that your devices work properly. Battery expiration dates and length of life are also influenced by the size and style of the battery in question. Batteries kept in dry, room-temperature storage will last the longest.

Power Strips and Surge Protectors

Power strips and surge protectors can be incredibly dangerous if they are used outside of their warranty date. Because surge protectors and power strips are not required to have a written expiration date, using the warranty time is usually the best way to judge the anticipated date of expiration. If you use power strips and surge protectors after they are good you pose the risk of starting a fire in your home if the products are overworked. To ensure that this does not happen, pay attention to the warranty length, and buy new products if the product looks discolored near the outlets, begins to malfunction, or feel shot when in use. Always buy OSHA or UL rated power strips and surge protectors.

Located in Walton, Kentucky, Rose Brothers & Sons Inc. specializes in a variety of residential electrical services. With our team of certified professionals, we have maintained an NKEA license for over 20 years. In addition to this license, we have been a member of Angie’s List for many years and we are proud to have an A+ rating from the BBB. If you want to ensure that your home is as safe as possible when it comes to electrical issues, contact us today.

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Do Your Lightbulbs Keep Blowing? We Can Help!

If you have not made the switch the LED lightbulbs in your home, you may still be noticing that the lightbulbs in your home keep blowing out. If this is the case, there are a number reasons as to why this may be happening. At Rose Brothers & Sons Inc., serving Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, we can help you discover what issue may be causing the light bulbs in your home to keep blowing.

Lightbulb Choice

Low-quality lightbulbs will burn out faster. In addition to burning out faster, they are more easily affected by issues with wiring, connections, and arcing. When a lightbulb blows, the filament that is used within the bulb breaks. Cheaper lightbulbs are made with thinner materials, including their filaments, which lead to a higher chance of the lightbulb breaking. If you are having an issue with a lightbulb, the first step you should take is to purchase high-quality lightbulbs, LEDs if possible, and see if the problem still exists.

Loose Connection

Make sure your lightbulb is securely in place in your lighting fixture. If the circuit between your lamp and lightbulb is not secure, the electricity will not run from the fixture through the lightbulb properly.

Arcing

Arcing is similar to ensuring that you have a tight connection. Arcing is when the bottom of your lightbulb does not fit tightly enough with the hardware in the light fixture. Arcing generates excess heat around a lightbulb. Excess heat will lead to a blowout. The easiest way to check for arcing is to look at the bottom of your lightbulb for dark spots or pitting on the metal. You can also check the light fixture socket for the same thing. If you suspect that you have arcing, call an electrician to handle the issue and keep yourself safe from an electrical shock.

Voltage

Too much voltage at one socket will decrease the lifespan of a lightbulb. High voltage connections lead to excess heat, which as stated before, will cause your lightbulb to burn out quicker. Voltage issues can stem from the light fixture, the wall connection to your home’s electrical connection, or even the electrical grid in your city.

Rose Brothers & Sons Inc.

If you are experiencing trouble with your lightbulbs, even after switching to a high-quality bulb, it is time to call in a professional electrician to look at the cause. At Rose Brothers & Sons Inc., we specialize in a variety of residential electrical services. With our team of certified professionals, we have maintained an NKEA license for over 20 years. In addition to this license, we have been a member of Angie’s List for many years and we are proud to have an A+ rating from the BBB. In addition to our outstanding customer service history, our workers are fully covered through worker’s compensation, so you don’t have to worry about the possibility that you could get stuck with charges if injuries occur on the job. If you are ready to save your light bulbs and fix the underlying electrical issue in your home, contact Rose Brothers & Sons Inc. today.

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Preparing Your Electronics for International Travel

international power adapters

Traveling abroad is exciting, but also nerve-wracking. If you are traveling from the United States to another country, particularly if you’re situated, like we are, in Northern Kentucky, you aren’t close to any international borders, so you are going to be very far from home. Because of this, if you forget something, unless you can find it at your destination, you may be out of luck. With this in mind, planning accordingly is essential to getting the most out of your international trip. One thing you may not have thought of that could make or break your trip is whether or not you’ll be able to use your electronics. Not sure what we mean? Keep reading to make sure that your smartphones, hair dryers, and any other electronics stay safe on your international voyage, brought to you by Rose Brothers & Sons, Inc. of Northern Kentucky.

 

Figure out what you’ll need

Depending on where you go abroad, everything may be different than it is where you live, but one thing you may not have considered is that power outlets may be different. Because of this, your electrical appliances may be totally unusable in their current state if you go abroad. If you are traveling to Mexico or Canada, you will be fine using your standard American appliances, which run on 120 Volts of power. However, other countries will have differently shaped power outlets, necessitating adapters to go over the plugs of your appliances.

 

Don’t forget the power

It may be more than just the socket that is different where you go, however. Most countries that have different outlets do so because they actually exert different voltages from their sockets. Because of this, an adapter for your appliances may not actually be sufficient. Certain devices, such as certain smartphones, can do voltage conversion on their own, but “dumber” devices like hair dryers will require a voltage converter, as well as an adapter. Otherwise, you may risk ruining your devices.

 

While making sure that your devices are going to be fine while you’re abroad is important, it’s just as important to make sure that the electricity in your home is working perfectly. Whether you want to make sure that everything is in working order before you leave, or you want to optimize your home after you get back, trust in Rose Brothers & Sons, Inc. to help you with all of your electrical needs. We are located in Walton, Kentucky, but we proudly serve all of Northern Kentucky, Cincinnati, and Southern Indiana, including  Florence KY, Ft. Mitchell KY, Villa Hills KY, Union KY, Ft. Wright, Hebron KY, Burlington, Covington KY, Erlanger, Independence KY, Ft. Thomas, Newport, Owenton, Park Hills, Cold Spring, Edgewood, Walton, Dry Ridge, Verona, Crittenden, Sparta, Alexandria, Glenco, and Williamstown.

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How to Choose the Right Lighting for a Room

room with good lighting

The right lighting for a space can make a huge difference. There is a reason that fancy restaurants have dim, hazy lighting and department stores have bright, even lighting. While your home isn’t a business, we could all stand to learn a thing or two from how businesses use lighting within spaces to strike the right mood. If you would like to learn more about how to choose the right lighting for a room, let the electricity experts at Rose Brothers & Sons, Inc. in Walton, Kentucky inform you.

 

  1. Consider what the room is going to be used for

Lighting should be, at its foundation, functional. In many spaces, if you don’t have artificial lighting of some sort, you won’t be able to see for large portions of the day, and in others, you won’t be able to see at all, so making sure that your lighting is serving the purpose it has is central to choosing the right lighting for your space. Spaces that are primarily going to be used for work of some kind, such as a home office or a kitchen, should have bright lighting that easily and consistently illuminates what you are doing. Spaces that are going to be used for entertaining, however, like dining rooms or living rooms, can have dimmer lighting. Bedrooms, finally, should have the softest lighting of all, in order to encourage relaxation and sleep.

 

  1. Consider the size of a room

The size of a room can greatly impact the kind of lighting that you are going to need. Small rooms, such as closets, home offices, or small bathrooms, could each have their own particular lighting needs, but their size is going to influence what sort of lighting you will need to purchase and install. Smaller spaces are more easily illuminated, so even lower lighting can make a small space feel incredibly bright. Because of this, be careful not to overwhelm your smaller spaces with too much lighting. The converse goes for large spaces. Even very bright lighting can seem like a drop in the bucket for huge, open living rooms or basements, so make sure your lighting packs a suitable punch.

 

  1. Trust in Rose Brothers & Sons, Inc. to help

Rose Brothers & Sons, Inc. is here to help you with any of your electricity questions and projects in the Northern Kentucky and Cincinnati area. We are located in Walton, Kentucky, but we proudly serve all of Northern Kentucky, Cincinnati, and Southern Indiana, including  Florence KY, Ft. Mitchell KY, Villa Hills KY, Union KY, Ft. Wright, Hebron KY, Burlington, Covington KY, Erlanger, Independence KY, Ft. Thomas, Newport, Owenton, Park Hills, Cold Spring, Edgewood, Walton, Dry Ridge, Verona, Crittenden, Sparta, Alexandria, Glenco, and Williamstown.

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Keeping Your Children and Pets Safe from Electricity in Your Home

children playing with electricity

When it comes to what you love, such as your children or pets, safety is of the utmost importance. So, how do you protect your children and pets from electricity in your home? Rose Brothers & Sons Inc. Electric & Construction of Florence, KY provides you with these tips to keep your family safe from electricity in your home!

Pet Safety

  • Keep cables out of sight– Electrical cords are a huge danger for pets, as their chewing or playing with them can lead to shocks, burns, or even fires. It is important to make sure all cords are safely tucked away.
  • Keep sleeping pets away from electronic equipment– Pets, particularly cats, have a tendency to curl up and sleep behind warm appliances such as computers. Try to halt this behavior by creating a bed for them by a sunlit window.
  • Don’t leave heating equipment unattended– It is very important to make sure your pets are not unattended near heating equipment such as a hair straightener or portable heater, as they can easily burn themselves on these items.
  • Check plug sockets­- Make sure all plugs are completely plugged into their sockets, because if they are partially exposed, it could result in a shock to a pet’s tongue or wet nose.

Child Safety

  • Unplug unused devices– It is important to unplug any device that heats up as soon as you are done using it. This helps avoid burns to children and fires from being started.
  • Safety-check appliances– It is important to check your appliances every so often to make sure they are running correctly still.
  • One plug per socket– Try not to overload your plug sockets, especially with appliances that take a lot of power.
  • Turn appliances off– Make sure that you turn all appliances that are not designed to stay on overnight off before you go to bed.

Professional Help in Northern Kentucky, Southern Indiana, and Greater Cincinnati

If you still feel as though you need help making your home safer for your children and pets, then do not hesitate to stop by your favorite local, family owned business, Rose Brothers & Sons Inc. of Florence, Kentucky. We have been your trusted electrical contractor in Northern Kentucky, southern Indiana, and Greater Cincinnati for over 45 years. We can help you with any electrical needs from small repairs to large electrical construction projects. We also care about your safety and happiness; we want to provide you with the best possible experience by providing you with actual solutions instead of just temporarily fixing your problem. We also have an excellent record on Angie’s List, as well as an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau. Contact us today for all of your electrical needs!

 

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6 Ways To Lower Your Electric Bill This Winter

lower your electric billWinter is coming and according to weather reports, winter 2016 should be a cold one.  If you’re like many homeowners in Northern Kentucky, you’re not looking forward to your first electric bill of the winter season.  If heating your home is taking a toll on your utility budget, here are 6 ways to lower your electric bill this winter:

  1.  Turn Your Thermostat Down 2 Degrees.  You can save money on your electric bill by lowering your thermostat a few degrees and wearing a sweater.  You can save more by turning it down even further when you’re sleeping.
  2. Only Run The Dishwasher When It’s Full – According to experts, you can not only save money on your electric bill when you run your dishwasher less often, but it also works better when it’s full.  Using a dishwasher requires less water than doing them by hand too.
  3. Insulate Your Water Heater and plumbing pipes.  Your water heater may work overtime in the winter if the water coming into the water heater is colder then usual.  You can help by insulating the pipes leading to the water heater.
  4. Turn off Appliances Your Not Using.  This is a hard one.  It’s easy to leave things on standby until your ready to use them, but it’s important to remember that appliances, tvs and computers left on will use electricity.
  5. Maintain your appliances – Dryers with clogged vents use more energy.  Make sure you clean your dryer vent and remove lint after each use.  Also clean the coils around your refrigerator.  Cleaner machines work more efficiently and can lower your electric bill.
  6. Seal and air leaks around windows and doors – Every year around fall, you should check all windows and doors for leaks. Caulking the leaks will save money on your heating and cooling bill.  If you can see light around your doors, your heat is escaping causing your heater or furnace to work longer and harder.

We Can Help Lower Your Electric Bill!

Rose Brothers and Sons Electric can help you lower your electric bill.  We offer inspections on your electric system to see areas that are costing you money or may be a problem waiting to happen.  An inefficient electrical system can raise your electric bill, be a safety hazard and cost you more money in the long run.  If you have questions about how you can lower your electric bill, call the experts at Rose Brothers & Sons Electric today!

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